How are uterine fibroids diagnosed?

When a woman has one or more symptoms associated with uterine fibroids, her gynaecologist will usually conduct a pelvic exam to feel if her uterus is enlarged. Since fibroids can be very small in size, an ultrasound is typically performed in addition to the pelvic exam. Further imaging techniques, such as magnetic resonance (MR) can also be used to confirm the presence of uterine fibroids and map their exact size and location. These painless tests allow the radiologist to determine the presence, location and size of fibroids.